Przywizanie a m??zg ? wzorce przywizania u doros??ych a reakcje cia??a migda??owatego i reakcje behawioralne na p??acz niemowlcy

Madelon M. E. Riem, Marian J. Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marinus H. van IJzendoorn, Doroth??e Out, Serge A.R.B. Rombouts

Abstrakt


Ostatnie badania wykaza??y, ??e reprezentacje (wzorce) przywizania u doros??ych wp??ywaj na ich reakcje neuronalne, emocjonalne i behawioralne na p??acz niemowlcy, tym samym potwierdzajc trafno?? narzdzia Berkeley Adult Attachment Interview (wywiadu mierzcego style przywizania u doros??ych) przy u??yciu neuroobrazowania metod czynno??ciowego rezonansu magnetycznego. W niniejszym badaniu analizowano aktywacj cia??a migda??owatego, poczucie rozdra??nienia oraz u??ycie nadmiernej si??y (kt??rej wska??nikiem by??a si??a chwytu mierzona dynamometrem) podczas ekspozycji na p??acz niemowlcy i zakodowane d??wiki kontrolne u 21 bezdzietnych kobiet. U badanych z pozabezpiecznym wzorcem przywizania aktywacja cia??a migda??owatego w reakcji na p??acz niemowlcia by??a silniejsza ni?? u badanych z przywizaniem bezpiecznym. Ponadto s??yszc p??acz dziecka, kobiety z pozabezpiecznym wzorcem przywizania odczuwa??y silniejsze rozdra??nienie i by??y sk??onniejsze do u??ywania nadmiernej si??y ni?? badane z bezpiecznymi reprezentacjami przywizania. Nadaktywno?? cia??a migda??owatego mo??e by jednym z mechanizm??w le??cych u podstaw negatywnych emocji do??wiadczanych przez osoby z przywizaniem pozabezpiecznym w reakcji na p??acz niemowlcy. Mo??e te?? wyja??nia, dlaczego rodzice z pozabezpiecznym modelem przywizania reaguj na sygna??y wysy??ane przez dziecko w spos??b niesp??jny albo odrzucaj zachowania przywizaniowe swoich dzieci.

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Bibliografia


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